Menú

AS/COA: U.S. 2020. Joe Biden and Donald Trump on Climate Change

Tiempo
de lectura:
6 minutos
Ahora estás leyendo: AS/COA: U.S. 2020. Joe Biden and Donald Trump on Climate Change
Tiempo
de lectura:
6 minutos
Escribe: Luisa Horwitz, Web & Multimedia Associate at Americas Society/Council of the Americas

* Artículo extraído del portal oficial de Americas Society and Council of the Americas (23/07/2020)

The Amazon wildfires raged just as Democratic presidential candidates kicked off their competition in 2019, making it a top challenge in terms of Latin America-related climate policy. It’s no wonder why: deforestation in the Amazon surpassed 10,000 square kilometers in 2019 for the first time in a decade and was 34% higher compared to 2018, per Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE).

Now, as the U.S. presidential race has narrowed to former Vice President Joe Biden and President Donald Trump, the example of the Amazon fires demonstrates the different roads each candidate would take in terms of environmental policy. While Biden proposed a US$20 billion fund to protect the rainforest, Trump tweeted support for Jair Bolsonaro during the fires, despite international criticism of the Brazilian president’s handling of the disaster.

Overall, the Trump administration’s path on climate change has involved rollbacks and deregulation, from prohibiting U.S. contributions to intergovernmental climate agencies to the president’s June 2017 decision to withdraw the United States from the Paris Climate Accord. In contrast, Biden proposes rejoining the agreement, as well as implementing an investment strategy focused on clean energy and sustainable infrastructure to drive innovation “from Canada to Chile.”

AS/COA Online outlines where the presidential rivals stand on climate change policy in the Americas.

Joe Biden

On the Amazon

  • In 2019, the former Obama vice president called for global action to stop the Amazon’s destruction. In a March interview with Americas Quarterly, Biden said, “Bolsonaro should know that if Brazil fails to be a responsible custodian of the Amazon rainforest, then my administration will rally the world to ensure the environment is protected.”
  • In a March 15 Democratic debate this year, Biden proposed a US$20 billion multilateral initiative to protect the South American rainforest, saying he would organize “the hemisphere and the world to provide” the funds for Brazil to control the wildfires.

On clean energy

  • As part of his climate action plan, Biden released a US$2 trillion plan on July 14 to boost investment in clean energy technology and halt harmful emissions from U.S. power plants by 2035. He plans to spend this sum over four years, on top of his previously proposed $1.7 trillion-over-one-decade plan to end U.S. carbon emissions by 2050.
  • In the Caribbean and the Northern Triangle, he supports promoting transitions to clean energy, as well as climate change adaptation strategies related to rising sea levels, severe weather patterns like hurricanes, and drought in places such as eastern Guatemala.
  • Per his proposed hemispheric strategy on sustainable infrastructure to drive innovation, he backs better-integrated power grids supplied by clean energy from Mexico through Central America to Colombia.

On the Green New Deal

  • After Senator and former Democratic candidate, Bernie Sanders endorsed Biden in April, both Democrats pledged to create six, eight-member joint task forces focused on major policy areas, including climate change, in an effort to unite the party. New York Congresswoman and Green New Deal co-author Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez leads the climate change task force, making Biden’s policy platform appealing to those who supported progressive Democratic candidates. The Green New Deal calls for establishing a renewable-energy economy by 2030 with the goal of making the United States the international leader on climate action. Biden supports the deal as a framework to tackle climate change.

On international climate agreements

On the effects of natural disasters in the region

  • In light of the damage caused by Hurricane María in 2017, Biden announced that he will create a federal working group for Puerto Rico to ensure access to resources and technical support. In addition, he proposes to “address the existential threat of climate change head on” through a US$1.7 trillion clean energy proposal to invest in resiliency so that the island can better prepare for natural disasters and mitigate destruction in their wake. Biden also plans to include Puerto Rico in his US$1.3 trillion infrastructure project for rebuilding sustainably.
  • Biden proposes coordinating strategies with governments in the Northern Triangle (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) and the Caribbean to lessen the effects of climate change on economic development, in part through transitions to clean energy.

Donald Trump

On the Amazon

On clean energy

On the Green New Deal

  • In a February 2019 rally in El Paso, Trump denounced the Green New Deal, saying it is a measure that would “shut down” U.S. energy and air travel. On another occasion two months later, Trump said, “If they beat me with the Green New Deal, I deserve to lose.”

On international climate agreements

On the effects of natural disasters in the region

  • As a Hurricane Dorian headed for Puerto Rico in August 2019, Trump tweeted, “Will it ever end?” adding that Congress had already approved a US$92 billion disaster relief aid package for the island in the previous year. He called the package “an all time record of its kind for ‘anywhere’.” However, of the $42.5 billion Congress allocated as disaster aid for Puerto Rico following the 2017 storms, the island had received about $14 billion as of November 2019. By January 2020, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development had released only US$1.5 billion in relief funds, of which only US$5 million were spent.
  • In June 2019, the Trump presidency said it would reallocate US$370 million in foreign aid to Central America approved by Congress for the fiscal year 2018 after the president said that El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras had failed to stem emigration. The aid cut came despite an internal report shared with Homeland Security officials indicating climate change will hit food security in these countries, leading to increased migration to the United States.

Para ver el artículo original, haz click aquí

Noticias relacionadas

EE.UU. y el Perú firman Memorándum de Entendimiento sobre minerales energéticos críticos

Escribe: AmCham Perú
Leer más

USA: Childcare Challenges Persist as Parents Return to Work Amid COVID-19

Escribe: AmCham Perú
Leer más

EE.UU. dona equipos de rescate, de respuesta médica y geo-localizadores a la Fuerza Aérea del Perú

Escribe: Comunicación Corporativa
Leer más

Estados Unidos apoya al Perú en la erradicación de cultivos ilegales de coca

Escribe: Comunicación Corporativa
Leer más

Estados Unidos dona 250 ventiladores adicionales para enfrentar el COVID-19

Escribe: AmCham Perú
Leer más

US Chamber: What is the K-Shaped Recovery?

Escribe: Suzanne Clark, presidenta de la Cámara de Comercio de los Estados Unidos
Leer más

USA: Small Business Owners Say Economy Is Top Presidential Election Issue

Escribe: AmCham Perú
Leer más

KPMG IMPACT: nueva categoría para abordar los desafíos ambientales, sociales y de gobernanza

Escribe: Comunicación Corporativa
Leer más

Identificar oportunidades para salvar el planeta

Escribe: Luis Palenque, director general de 3M para la Región Andina
Leer más

EE.UU. dona equipos de más de US$80,000 a la Superintendencia Nacional de Migraciones

Escribe: AmCham Perú
Leer más

USA: COVID-19 affecting female-owned small businesses

Escribe: AmCham Perú
Leer más

Día histórico para los Estados Unidos

Escribe: Comunicación Corporativa
Leer más

Te puede interesar

EE.UU. y el Perú firman Memorándum de Entendimiento sobre minerales energéticos críticos

USA: Childcare Challenges Persist as Parents Return to Work Amid COVID-19

EE.UU. dona equipos de rescate, de respuesta médica y geo-localizadores a la Fuerza Aérea del Perú

Estados Unidos apoya al Perú en la erradicación de cultivos ilegales de coca

Noticias relacionadas

EE.UU. y el Perú firman Memorándum de Entendimiento sobre minerales energéticos críticos

Escribe: AmCham Perú
Leer más

USA: Childcare Challenges Persist as Parents Return to Work Amid COVID-19

Escribe: AmCham Perú
Leer más

EE.UU. dona equipos de rescate, de respuesta médica y geo-localizadores a la Fuerza Aérea del Perú

Escribe: Comunicación Corporativa
Leer más